The Year 1951
North Korean offensive pushes beyond the 38th parallel; truce negotiations
Congress passes 22nd Amendment, limiting a President to two terms
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg convicted of passing U.S. nuclear secrets to the
Soviet Union; both are sentenced to death
General Douglas MacArthur relieved of command in Korea
Sen. Estes Kefauver begins investigation of gambling and organized crime
General Douglas MacArthur was forced into retirement after 52 years and made that famous quote "Old soldiers never die, they…….."
CBS introduces color television.
BUSINESS & ECONOMY:
Businessman J.S. Coxey leads unemployment protest in Washington
The average cost of four years of college was now $1,800.
UNIVAC - First general purpose electronic computer was dedicated at the Census Bureau in Philadelphia.
AT & T became the first corporation with over one million stockholders.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY:
Mass production of penicillin and streptomycin reaches records
Electricity generated from nuclear power for the first time
Margaret Sanger, pioneer of birth control, urges development of oral contraceptive.
Fluoridation in the water supply for the fight against tooth decay.
New products: power steering (Chrysler), surgarless chewing gum and Tropicana products
First color broadcast transmitted from CBS in
New York (a program hosted by Ed Sullivan and Arthur Godfrey).
World Series: New York Yankees over New York Giants, 4-2
Joe Dimaggo retired (life time batting average of .325)
Sugar Ray Robinson beat Jake LaMotta for the middleweight boxing title.
Lacosta first put the alligator symbol on tennis shirts.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT:
Movies: The African Queen, An American in Paris,
Strangers on a Train, A Streetcar Named Desire
Songs:Hello Young Lovers, Getting to Know You, Cry,
Kisses Sweeter than Wine, In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening
TV Shows: Adventures of Ellery Queen, Captain Video, What's My Line
New TV shows: Red Skelton Show, I Love Lucy and Edward R. Murrow's See It Now
Books: A Man Called Peter, Catherine
Marshall; Lie Down in Darkness, William Styron;
Desirée, Annemarie Selinko; From Here to
Eternity, James Jones; The Caine Mutiny, Herman Woulk;
The Catcher in the Rye, J.D. Salinger
The King and I opens on Broadway
Robert Frost and Carl Sandberg both publish collections of poetry titled
Best Picture: An American in Paris
Best Actor: Humphrey Bogart in The African Queen
Best Actress: Vivin Leigh in A Streetcar Named Desire
In response to the growing popularity of television, movie theatres
experiment with a variety of attractions, including wide-screen projection and